JERUSALEM (ISRAEL) – According to findings by the Sheba Medical Centre, the first dose of Pfizer Inc’s COVID-19 vaccine is 85% effective. The study has potentially fueled a debate over the recommended two-dose schedule as governments try to stretch out supplies.
The Sheba study, to be published in The Lancet medical journal, comes a day after Canadian researchers suggested that the second Pfizer dose be delayed given the high level of protection from the first shot in order to increase the number of people getting vaccinated.
Their research showed efficacy of 92.6% after the first dose, based on an analysis of the documents submitted by the drugmaker from its late-stage human trials to the US Food and Drug Administration in December.
Sheba said there was an 85% reduction in symptomatic COVID-19 within 15 to 28 days among 7,214 hospital staff who received their first dose in January. The overall reduction of infections, including asymptomatic cases detected by testing, was 75%.
Sheba epidemiologist Gili Regev-Yochay cautioned that the study was conducted on “mostly young and healthy” people at the hospital.
The FDA said in December data from those trials showed that the vaccine began conferring some protection to recipients before they received the second shot, but more data would be needed to assess the potential of a single-dose shot.
Pfizer has said alternative dosing regimens of the vaccine have not been evaluated yet and that the decision resided with the health authorities.
Pfizer said in a statement that it was doing its own analysis of “the vaccine’s real-world effectiveness in several locations worldwide, including Israel.” It hopes to use Israeli data to look at the potential of the vaccine to protect against COVID-19 arising from emerging variants, the drugmaker said.