The death toll from malaria and other diseases tearing through Pakistan’s flood-ravaged regions reached 324, authorities said on Wednesday, and actress Angelina Jolie said she feared many people she had met during visits to flood-hit areas this week would “not make it” if more aid did not arrive.
Hundreds of thousands of people displaced by the floods lived in the open. Stagnant floodwaters, spread over hundreds of kilometres, may take two to six months to recede. Already they have led to widespread cases of skin and eye infections, diarrhoea, malaria, typhoid and dengue fever.
Hollywood actress and humanitarian Jolie visited people displaced by the floods with the international aid organisation IRC to raise awareness. She saw some of the worst affected areas in southern Sindh province.
“I’ve seen those lives saved,” she said but added that others “won’t be here in the next few weeks without sufficient aid. They won’t make it.” She commented when visiting the country’s flood response centre on video footage the country’s military shared on Wednesday.
Authorities and aid workers have said more immediate help is needed for displaced families exposed to swarms of mosquitoes and other hazards, such as snake and dog bites.
Despite the efforts of the government and local and foreign relief organisations, many people are in dire need of food, shelter, medical assistance and medicines.
With Pakistan’s already weak health system and lack of support, displaced families have complained of being forced to drink and cook with unsafe water.
“We know it can sicken us, but what to do, we have to drink it to stay alive,” flood victim Ghulam Rasool told local Geo News TV as he stood near where his home was washed away in southern Pakistan.
A historic and intense monsoon dumped about three times as much rain as Pakistan’s three-decade average. Combined with glacial melt, this caused unprecedented flooding.
The deluge, which scientists say was exacerbated by climate change, has affected nearly 33 million people in the South Asian nation of 220 million. It has swept away homes, crops, bridges, roads and livestock in damages estimated at $30 billion.
“I’ve never seen anything like this … I’m overwhelmed,” said Jolie, who has made several trips to Pakistan, including after deadly floods in the country’s south in 2010.